Smooth Brome (Introduced)
Medium to tall, 2 – 4 ft., cool-season, long-lived, strongly rhizomatous, sod-forming grass with two definite strains (southern and northern). Adapted to all soil textures but has low vigor on sandy and dense clay textures. Fair tolerance to salinity, alkali and acidic soils. Good cold and shade tolerance. Good abundant forage producer, best palatability when green. Good species for range, pasture and wildlife habitat improvement. Can be invasive and aggressive in some situations so care should be taken. Also very valuable for disturbed site revegetation and watershed improvement. Southern and Northern strains have different characteristics and adaptations. Minimum precip. is 11 – 14 inches. Plant fall or spring ¼ – ½ inch deep. 145,000 seeds/lb.
Named Releases: ‘Lincoln’ (Cultivar) An aggressive rhizomatous, sod-forming southern type recommended for more southern latitudes of the US on drier rangeland sites.
‘Manchar’ (Cultivar) Released in 1946 from an ecotype believed to be from Russia. An intermediate between weakly spreading northern types like Carlton and aggressive sod-forming southern types like Lincoln.
‘Carlton’ (Cultivar) A leading Northern type variety from a Hungary accession recommended for more northern latitudes for use in irrigated hay and pasture conditions.